PERSONAL PRONOUNS (1): Basic Information

1 terminology and use

Personal pronouns are words that take the place of specific nouns ( names of persons, places, things and animals). Basically, they are used instead of a specific name to avoid repetition and to help ease the flow of sentences.
Examples:
Ted travels to the Arctic each year. He goes there to do a scientific study. (“ He” replaces Ted.)
Rachel and Sean have gone to Australia. They decided to migrate this time.
Frances and I will do our Christmas shopping next week. We will be going early to avoid the rush.
2 subject and object forms: I and me, he and him etc

Personal pronouns may take different forms depending on the number (singular or plural), grammatical or natural gender (feminine, masculine, or neuter) and case ( subjective, objective, or possessive). The term “personal” is purely to signify the grammatical sense; not limited to people and can also refer to animals, places and objects.
Based on their syntactic function, in particular, on their grammatical case, English distinguishes the nominative
form ( I , you, he, she, it, we, they) used principally as the subject of a verb from the objective form ( me, you, him, her, it, us, them) used principally as the object of a verb or a preposition, as in:

Example: Subjective Form Objective Form
“I” love my dog Softy. My dog Softy loves “me”.
Do “you” like Cheryl? She likes “you”.
“He” is the best player in our team. The coach chose “him”.
“We” ate the delicious salad mother prepared. Mother prepared a delicious salad for “us”.
“They” played tennis today. We beat “them” yesterday.

2 other uses of object forms: It was her.
Personal pronouns me, him, her, us and them are used not only as object but also as complements after the verb “be” and in short answers, especially in an informal style.
Example:
Who’s at the door? It’s “her” now.
Who won in The Voice last week? It was “me”!
In a more formal way, we use the subjective form + verb, as in:
Example:
In The Voice last week, who turned around first ? “He” did.
I wonder who opened this window during the rain. “I” did...sorry.

Although it is also common to use the objective form after “be” verb in double subjects in informal speech, this is considered incorrect in more formal usage, as in”
Example:
Wendy and me are good friends.(incorrect) Wendy and I are good friends. (correct)
Phil and them are in the game today. (incorrect) Phil and they are in the game today. ( correct)
Sally and him are distant cousins. ( incorrect) Sally and he are distant cousins. ( correct)
Alex and her were well-behaved in class. (incorrect) Alex and she were well-behaved in class. (correct)
4 Personal pronouns cannot be left out.
Personal pronouns are necessary even if the meaning is clear with them.
Example:
Where do I put this new flower vase? Put it on the 3rd shelf. (Not..Put on the 3rd shelf.)
Mother admired the hand-crafted figures and kept them in her box. (Not .....and kept in her box.)
5 One subject is enough.
We don’t use more than one subject in the same clause.
Example:
Their new house is huge. (Not ..Their new house it is huge.)
this coming typhoon is really strong. Not..this typhoon it is really strong.)
The rescuers bravely fought against the strong currents.(Not..The rescuers they bravely...)
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