|Passive forms of the verb are usually made by using the tenses|
of the auxiliary be followed by the past participle( = pp) of the
Here is the list of all the passive forms of an ordinary English
|1. Simple Future = will be + pp|
She'll be told to transfer to a new department soon.
You'll be sent to the new branch asap.
2. Future perfect = will have been + pp
The project will have been done by next week.
The new leader will have been chosen by everyone.
3. Simple present = am/are/is being + pp
Mother tongue is spoken in the countryside.
I am chosen as the new head of the IT department.
4. Present progressive = am/are/is being
The problem is being fixed! So don't worry.
Everything is being taken cared of.
5. Present Perfect = have/has been + past participle
She has been caught in a traffic jam.
They have been invited for a wedding ceremony.
6. Simple Past = was/were + past participle
I was not informed about the meeting.
They were not seen at the scene.
7. Past Progressive = was/were being + pp
I was being chosen to deliver the package to the President.
She was not brought to the hospital asap after the accident.
8. Past Perfect = had been + pp
She had been gotten down the hallway without knowing.
She had been drunk these fews weeks.
|3-Use of Tenses|
- The passive tenses are usually used in the same way as active
|tenses. For example, the present progressive passive is used then|
|the present progressive active is used to talk about the things|
that are going on at the time of speaking.
The documents are being processed now.
The secretary is preparing my schedule for next week now.
|4- verbs are not used in the passive|
- Note that not all verbs can have passive forms. Passive structures are impossible with intransitive verbs. Like die or arrive that do not have objects bec. there is nothing to become the subject of a passive sentence. Though some transitive verbs are seldom used in the passive. And most of them are "stative verbs" which refers to states not actions like fit, resemble, suit..etc.
They have a huge nice house. not - A huge nice house is had by them.
She resembles the Goddess of Beauty. not- A Goddess of beauty is resembled by her.
Mostly, students have often mistakes about the active and passive
verb forms in English. These aren't surprising because of the following reasons:
a. Be is used to make both passive verb forms and active progressive tenses.
b. Past participles are used to make both passive verb forms and active perfect tenses..example:
she was calling. ( active-past participle)
she was called. ( passive-simple past)
she has called. ( active-present perfect)
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